The U.S. healthcare industry is vulnerable to digital theft. With medical records selling for about $1,000 on the Internet, healthcare apps and software need to protect patients’ health information. They don’t require disclosure of a data breach as a wake-up call for HIPAA-compliant software development. If you have installed healthcare management software, you should make sure that it is HIPAA compliant. HIPAA compliant software can jumpstart your digital transformation in the healthcare space. But it can be tricky to understand and comply with HIPAA. That’s why you should keep this guide handy to understand HIPAA compliance requirements.
Overview of HIPAA Compliance
HIPAA is short for Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. As the name suggests, it sets the standard to protect highly sensitive patient information. For healthcare providers who manage protected health information (PHI), you must have mechanical, physical, and procedural safeguards in place. Furthermore, it includes social security numbers, financial information, complete facial photographs, and even more. PHI that is stored, delivered, or received digitally is subject to HIPAA regulatory standards. This was an enhancement to HIPAA regulations that was enacted in light of changes in medical technology.
Set of Rules in HIPAA
The main rule of HIPAA is to enhance the workability and lessen the burden on the regulated entities, making it more simple and accessible to anyone. To make sure your medical website, app, or software is HIPAA compliant, here are some rules to keep in mind.
1. HIPAA Security Rule
The principle is designed to help you protect patients’ electronic health information. Under the principle, it is mandatory that each of the entities that collectively use PHI, such as covered entities, conducts data breach vulnerability investigations. Collective reviews help ensure reliable protection of PHI. The principle discusses guidelines for investigating security risks.
They can establish a national set of security standards to protect certain health information stored or transmitted electronically. You can also find PHI security requirements, such as certain restrictions and recommendations regarding the security of health information. Because of this, it is easy to find, correct, and avoid future security risks.
2. HIPAA Privacy Rule
Imagine: When people talk about their personal, romantic information, it’s clear that they expect it to be confidential. It becomes a responsibility to protect the individuality of a patient’s life and health details. It states that individual records such as medical history, medical records, identification, payment for treatment, along with other essential information must be protected. With advanced technology and tools, security is easy. The principle states that information should not be made available to third parties under any circumstances. It also shows the conditions under which users can find files without the person’s permission. It also guarantees restrictions and human rights that allow patients to analyze and request copies of their medical records.
3. HIPAA Enforcement Rule
The standard governs covered entities’ compliance responsibilities to the government process. It ensures monitoring provisions. You will also find details of specific fines related to reporting violations. This can sometimes be as high as $1,500,000 for subsequent violations. The fees depend on the amount of health data. It also takes into consideration the frequency of data breaches in a particular organization.
4. Breach Notification Rule
The standard establishes several ways to notify the government and the public of a breach. If the data breach affects fewer than 500 individuals, the medical facility must notify all affected individuals within 60 days of discovering the breach. If more than 500 individuals are affected, the media must be notified. You can report it through OCR’s data breach notification website.